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Exploring the Mayan ruins of Tulum: Cool facts and useful tips

Please only travel when and where it’s safe.

You’ve probably heard of the Mayan ruins of Tulum. Perhaps you’ve seen travel photos of Tulum’s iconic Temple of the Wind (shown above)?

Beautifully laid out, Tulum may be the most accessible of the ancient Mayan cities you can explore in Mexico’s Riviera Maya.

Mayan ruins of Tulum
Visiting Tulum’s Mayan ruins is one of the best things to do in Tulum (Credit: Riviera Maya Tourism)

Mayan ruins of Tulum

The Mayan founders of Tulum sure knew how to pick their real estate in Mexico!

Poised atop a 40-foot rugged limestone cliff, Tulum overlooks the turquoise Caribbean – it’s the only Mayan city ever built by the sea.

The ruins of Tulum are perhaps the most beautiful Mayan ruins in Mexico
Because of the sea views, the ruins of Tulum are perhaps the most beautiful Mayan ruins in Mexico

The views are staggering.

And steep stairs lead a long way down to one of the prettiest beaches you’ll ever see, with the whitest sand, where, yes, you can swim.

The swimming beach at the Tulum ruins, Mexico
Who doesn’t want to go for a swim at this Tulum beach?

Visiting the Tulum ruins today

The present archaeological site is a far cry from the crumbling Tulum ruins we traipsed about years ago.

It’s been extensively restored since.

Now gravel paths, lined by coral rocks, wind through manicured lawns. The monuments and buildings, many restored, are roped off.

No more climbing up or trying to peek inside – preservation comes first!

Here and there, a few trees also provide some shade, where you and fellow pink-skinned visitors may huddle around your guide (recommended, to fully appreciate this fascinating cultural marvel).

But apart from these shady patches, the site is open to the blazing sun.

No wonder the iguanas love it!

Iguana at Tulum ruins
We saw many iguanas sunning atop temple walls and on the grass

There’s a parking lot with shopping stalls too at the entrance.

You can even take a little open-air train from the parking lot to the ruins! (Or, like us, you can just walk the relatively short distance).

Entrance gate into Tulum ruins
Walking through the entrance gate into the walled city of Tulum

All of this means that the Mayan ruins of Tulum are much easier to navigate today.

And with English signboards, you can even understand what you’re seeing without having to refer to your dog-earred Lonely Planet :-).

We admit, though, that we missed the haunting wildness of the lonely ruins we experienced years ago (a little, anyway).

Tulum is quite easy to explore today on a morning tour

Then, we felt like true explorers who had just stumbled upon mysterious ancient structures in a jungle clearing.

But of course, with better accessibility comes a much better understanding of the ancient Mayan culture…

Visiting the Tulum ruins is one of the top things to do in Tulum
Visiting the Tulum ruins is a highlight of a visit to the Riviera Maya

Tulum pyramids

Pyramid el Castillo:

mayan ruins of tulum - castillo
The Castillo at sunset (Credit: Greg Willis)

The Castillo (or castle) is the building that really gets you gawking. It’s Tulum’s largest structure (25 feet high) and the one closest to the sea.

Temple of the Frescoes:

Mayan ruins of Tulum
The Temple of the Frescoes is not the most imposing building, but it’s considered the most important

The Templo de los Frescos (Temple of the Frescoes or Paintings) is also noteworthy.

We couldn’t enter the inner temple to see the colored decorative murals inside (visitors are no longer allowed in).

But on the outside walls, we could make out stucco reliefs of the “Descending God” (the main god honored at Tulum), shown as an upside-down figure.

Mayan ruins of Tulum
To preserve the paintings inside the Temple of the Frescoes, you can’t enter the temple

And looking closely, we also saw distinct red-colored handprints, original Mayan drawings, on the upper level.

See the red handprints on the temple walls? These are original Mayan drawings

Okay, so much for the overall picture.

Now, how about a few nuggets (some pretty offbeat!) about the ruins at Tulum and the people who lived there?

Here’s what we learned from our Mayan guide on our Tulum ruins tour:

7 cool facts about the ruins at Tulum and the Maya way of life

1) Tulum means “walled city.” (Its original name was “Zama,” which means sunrise.)

2) The Mayans started building the city around 580 A.D. Tulum reached the height of its glory between 1200 to 1500 A.D.

3) Only royalty and the higher classes (about 300 people) lived within the city walls, in limestone houses. Some 20,000 ordinary folk lived in thatched huts outside the walls.

4) The lower-class workers bound and flattened the tops of their babies’ heads for the first six months of life, so as adults, they could better carry baskets on their heads. No kidding! Our guide showed us photographs of ancient skulls with completely flat tops. Ouch…

5) The temple buildings look sand- and grey-colored today, but would have been painted bright blue and red back when Tulum was a thriving city.

6) Jade was the most important stone for the Maya people – it represented eternal life. Black obsidian, which symbolized energy, was also treasured. The ancient royal Mayans drilled holes in their front teeth into which they inserted round pearls of jade and black obsidian as decoration and a status symbol. (We could hardly believe the photos – wonder what our dentist would have thought of this practice?)

7) Tulum was built opposite a channel cutting through the Palancar Reef (the second largest coral reef in the world). The Mayans paddled canoes through the channel when transporting corn and other trade goods in and out of the city.

Recommended reading: Cool off after your Tulum visit with a refreshing dip in one of the Riviera Maya’s cenotes!

Tips for visiting the Tulum ruins

Getting to the Mayan ruins:

From the parking lot at the site entrance, you have to walk about a third of a mile to reach the ticket booth. Or you can hop on the tram that shuttles back and forth all day (20 pesos).

Beware the sun!

It’s hot and humid year-round, and the sun is intense. Bring water, and wear sun screen, a wide-brimmed hat and comfy walking shoes or sandals (flip-flops not recommended).

No facilities:

There are no biffies or change rooms at the ruins. So if you plan to swim at the beach, you’ll probably want to wear your bathing suit under your clothes.

Time needed:

Two hours for your visit (sans swim) is plenty to take in the site. You’ll be looking to retreat from the heat after two hours anyway.

Cost and hours:

Opening hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm

Tulum ruins entrance fee: The entrance fee is 65 pesos (about the cost of a cappuccino, or $3.50 USD).

More information: See the Riviera Maya Tourist Board website.

Experience more of Mexico!

Read our posts on:

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San Miguel de Allende | From riding a vintage trolley through fairytale streets to visiting a unique mask museum, there are many wonderful things to do in San Miguel de Allende.

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Visiting the Mayan Ruins of Tulum

Photo credits: 3, 5, 6, 10 to 12 © Janice and George Mucalov, SandInMySuitcase

Have you visited the Tulum Mayan ruins? Are you glad you did?

About the authors:

Janice and George Mucalov

Luxury travel journalists and SATW, NATJA and TMAC “Best Travel Blog” award winners, Janice and George are the owners and founders of Sand In My Suitcase. Between them, they’ve traveled to all 7 continents.

Find destination guides, global food-and-wine stories, luxury hotel reviews, articles on cultural explorations and soft adventure trips, cruise reviews and information, insanely useful travel tips and more!

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Monday 25th of February 2019

Love those ruins. So much history.

Janice and George

Monday 25th of February 2019

They add another cultural dimension to visiting the Riviera Maya, don't they?

Marilyn J Holgate

Monday 12th of February 2018

Thanks for such a wonderful picture and history post. My friend and I visited Tulum in 2011 and I took several pictures there. When I saw your picture showing the red hand prints I decided to see if any of the pictures I took of the Temple of the Frescoes showed that. I got so excited when I saw that my picture also showed them, but not as clearly as yours - I was farther away and hadn't noticed them or I would have zoomed in on them. Thanks again.

Janice and George

Tuesday 13th of February 2018

How fun that you found the red hand prints in your photos too! We had a guide who pointed out the hand prints -- otherwise we likely wouldn't have seen them either. It's easy to miss the details when you're so blown away by looking here, looking there, and taking in the overall picture!


Wednesday 24th of February 2016

I find it strange to return to sites and experience the inevitability of change, for better or worse. Interesting facts there too guys, I bet they looked quite the sight rowing through the channel carrying corn with flat heads and sparkling teeth!

Janice and George

Thursday 25th of February 2016

Funny! Quite the image there :-).

Hung Thai

Sunday 14th of February 2016

Looks great and the price of admission is, like you said, a cup of coffee. That's ridiculously cheap for what you can enjoy. Hoping to visit this place one day. Thanks for the excellent tips.

Janice and George

Sunday 14th of February 2016

It's a beautiful site - you won't regret visiting!


Friday 29th of January 2016

The setting looks almost as stunning as the ruins themselves. How things change and become touristy - I can relate when you describe how it used to be. One of the most beautiful memories I have is of visiting the Great Zimbabwe ruins many, many years ago...we had the whole place to ourselves (along with a bunch of monkeys). So rare to have an Indiana Jones experience like that today. Still looks wonderful though and I'd love to see Tulum (as well as Chichen Itza) Frank (bbqboy)