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Hall of Opium: A fascinating look at the power of poppies

Walk through a long dark tunnel, with images of tortured souls sculptured on the walls, and you enter the Hall of Opium.

You might not expect a world-class museum to be cradled in the humid jungle of the Golden Triangle.

But then, this notorious region where Thailand meets Burma and Laos, produced most of the world’s heroin from the 1960s to early 1990s.

Thailand Hall of Opium
The dark entrance tunnel to the Hall of Opium

Hall of Opium

Thailand’s late beloved Princess Mother Mae Fah Luang wanted to help end the northern hill tribes’ dependence on growing poppies for the illegal drug trade.

So she had the land cleared of these bewitching red and white flowers and planted with substitute cash crops instead.

And to shrink the demand for drugs through education, the “Heavenly Royal Mother” built the sprawling 60,000 square foot Hall of Opium museum.

Opium poppies, from which heroin is made, grow in northern Thailand.
Opium poppies, from which heroin is made, once grew copiously in northern Thailand

The result is a thought-provoking and surprisingly poignant exhibition.

Don’t confuse this opium museum with the smaller House of Opium, also in the Golden Triangle area near Chiang Rai.

The Hall of Opium is the flagship museum on opium – and the one you want to see when figuring out what to do in Chiang Rai.

Overlooking the Mekong River at the notorious Golden Triangle
The Hall of Opium is one of the best Chiang Rai attractions in the notorious Golden Triangle

On our tour, the plan was to devote only about an hour at the museum.

But the museum proved so engrossing that our small group lingered for at least twice that.

And we could easily have spent more time again to properly absorb everything.

If there’s one piece of advice we can lend, it’s this – don’t shortchange yourself on a visit. The museum is one of the most fascinating things to do in Chiang Rai.

Museum lover? Then you might like to know what you must see at NYC’s Met Museum if short on time

Opium history

Multi-media displays chronicle the 5,000-year history of opium.

Opium’s far-reaching history ranges from its medicinal use by the ancient Egyptians and Greeks as a painkiller and cure for dysentery to the misery of drug abuse today.

One section recounts how the British love of tea fuelled the widespread Chinese addiction to opium in the 18th and 19th centuries.

How did the love of tea contribute to opium addiction? Find out at the Hall of Opium
How did drinking tea contribute to opium addiction? Find out at the Hall of Opium

Pass through a teak replica of a British clipper ship used to carry opium from India to China, and you learn that the British forced the Chinese to accept opium as payment for tea.

This led to the Opium Wars and eventual collapse of the Chinese civilization.

Mao Tse Tung is even quoted as saying the wars were the beginning of the Communist Revolution.

Museum exhibit of a heroin addict (Credit: Hall of Opium)
Museum exhibit of a heroin addict (Credit: Hall of Opium)

Opium dens and pipes

At this point, the noses of the few international visitors who find their way to the remote museum usually press up against the glass cabinets showcasing a fabulous collection of antique opium pipes.

There are mother-of-pearl pipes, ivory pipes and pipes embellished in ornate silver.

One pipe has a beautiful bowl shaped like a cupped hand.

Stoves used in opium production (Credit: Hall of Opium)
Stoves used in opium production (Credit: Hall of Opium)

Turn the corner and you next gaze into a mock-up of an elegant 19th century opium den in old Siam (now Thailand, where opium smoking was legal until 1959).

The scene is so seductive, you’re tempted to step right into it, settle back on the silk pillows and try the stuff.

But no.

The sound of clanging of chains from the prison below the plexi-glass floor in the next room pulls you into the 20th century – prohibition and drug trafficking.

Opium - seductive but hellish for addicts
Opium and heroin – seductive but hellish for addicts

Shades of grey

There are no clear villains however.

Remarkable black-and-white film footage shows how the CIA actively supported the illicit opium trade in the Golden Triangle in the 1960s.

Poppy seed heads, from which opiates are made

The positive benefits of the opium poppy are portrayed too in codeine pill bottles and injections.

How could wounded soldiers have survived battlefield amputations without the opium-derivative morphine?

Fun facts are also found.

Who knew that heroin (made from morphine) was once the miracle drug of the day?

Heroin bottle, sold by Bayer of Aspirin fame
Heroin bottle, sold by Bayer of Aspirin fame

Safe!”

The sedative for coughs!”

Old posters advertise Heroin (so named because it made people feel heroic).

It was trade-marked by Bayer in 1898 as a non-addictive substitute for morphine and was commonly used as a cough suppressant and pain reliever.

Lessons learned at the Opium museum, Chiang Rai?

Finally you reach the sunlit Hall of Reflection.

On triangular pillars you find quotes from Gandhi, Marcus Aurelius and other philosophers meant to inspire you to live a meaningful life free of abuse.

Perhaps this from the Talmud says it best:

What is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow men. That is the entire law; all the rest is commentary.”

Hall of Opium, Chiang Rai

Language: Information is in English as well as Thai.

Hours: The museum is open daily from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm (except Mondays).

Cost: Admission costs 300 baht (about $10 USD).

Location: The Hall of Opium is located in the Golden Triangle Park, outside Sop Ruak village.

More information: See the Hall of Opium website.

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Photo credits: 4 © Janice and George Mucalov, SandInMySuitcase


About the authors:

Janice and George Mucalov

Luxury travel journalists and SATW, NATJA and TMAC “Best Travel Blog” award winners, Janice and George are the publishers of Sand In My Suitcase. Between them, they’ve traveled to all 7 continents.

Find destination guides, global food-and-wine stories, luxury hotel reviews, articles on cultural explorations and soft adventure trips, cruise reviews and information, insanely useful travel tips and more!

Sophie

Thursday 24th of April 2014

Quirky, delightful and sad, all at the same time. Definitely on for when we visit Northern Thailand. Thanks for writing about it.

Kathryn Burrington

Friday 18th of April 2014

There are so many things in British history that we should be ashamed of but this is a new one on me. Forcing the Chinese to take payment in opium is so wicked - beyond belief! My father was born in Shanghai in 1927, eventually they had to leave because of the war but I remember Granny having a silver opium pipe (as an ornament I belive!). We think she buried it in the garden - I wonder if it is still there!

Jackie

Sunday 13th of April 2014

I will have to add this to my Thailand itinerary.

Michele

Sunday 13th of April 2014

This sounds like such an educational look at opium's history. I never realized that heroin was so commonly accepted. In Penang, there are a few museums with very luxurious looking opium beds. I'd love to get one to use as a reading spot.

Janice and George

Sunday 13th of April 2014

An opium bed? Now that would be a cool piece of furniture for your house or apartment :-)

Mary

Saturday 5th of April 2014

What an interesting museum full of educational exhibits! I feel like I need to read more about the Opium Wars. Great read!